Tafila has distinguished natural resources, as it contains many minerals, rocks and industrial resources , several of which have not been exploited yet. Some Jordanian leading companies have been exploiting some of these resources. This is apparent in Jordan Phosphate Mines exploiting phosphate ores available in the district of Al-Hisa and Jordan Cement Factories extracting the raw materials necessary for the production of cement in Rashadiyah factory; the most important of these raw materials include limestone and clay stone, whereas industrial rocks available in the governorate include oil rocks in Jurf Adaraweesh , perlite near Al-Hasa, dolomite near Rashadiyah, and gypsum in the area of Meleih Mount near Tafila city, feldspar, and phosphate ores.
The most well-known minerals in the governorate include copper (Pure copper reserves are estimated by one million metric tons) and manganese (Its reserves are estimated by nearly half a million metric tons). There are also a number of factories, including a textile factory, a yogurt factory, a factory for the production of juices and drying fruit, and a factory for stone dressing.