Saleh Pasha Al-Oran
Sheikh Saleh Pasha Al-Oran was born in Tafila in 1888. He and his older brother, Abdul Rahman, grew up under the guidance of their father Sheikh Dhiaab Al-Oran. Their father was one of the most prominent tribal leaders in southern Jordan. As a young child, Sheikh Saleh learnt reading, writing, grammar and the Holy Quran at Kuttab which is equivalent to a pre-elementary school; then, he joined Tafila School where he managed to complete the elementary stage.
In light of the status Saleh Al-Oran acquired in the local community, he achieved a remarkable success in the elections of the first Legislative Council in which he represented Southern Jordan in 1934. He was also entrusted as the Minister of State for Political Affairs. Sheikh Saleh Al-Oran contributed to solving social and tribal issues because of his experience in tribal judicial system, which effectively aided and supported the civil judicial system.
Saleh bin odeh Al-Muhaisin
Al-Muhaisin participated in the first Jordanian National Conference, which was held in Amman in 1928, headed by Hussein Pasha Al-Tarawneh and concluded with many national demands.
Saleh Al-Muhaisin was born in Tafila in 1900. He received his early education at Tafila schools at the end of the reign of the Ottoman Empire. Like his companions, he had to learn both Arabic and Turkish. His father died when he was a child. Like other children of his age, Saleh endured the Ottoman oppression; and he subsequently joined the armies of the Great Arab Revolt, sparked by Sharif Hussein Bin Ali in 1916. Saleh together with his companions participated in battles in southern Jordan, including the Battle of Maan where he was seriously injured in his left hand and the battle of Had Al-Daqiq in Tafila. In 1921, Saleh Al-Muhaisin was one of the most prominent tribal leaders in southern Jordan. He received Prince Abdullah Bin Al-Hussein in Maan and pledged allegiance to him as the Emir of the country. Years later, Saleh Al-Muhaisin together with a group of young men from Tafila engaged in an armed attack against the Zionist settlements in Palestine in order to support the revolution and restore the rights of Arabs in the occupied Palestinian territories.
Saad Jumaa was born in Tafila city in 1916. He had finished off his secondary schooling at Al-Salt School before he studied Law at Damascus University where he graduated in 1916. He was twice appointed as the Prime Minister of Jordan by Late King Hussein Bin Talal after replacing the former Prime Minister Al-Sherief Bin Nasser in 1967.
Jumaa, who won many accolades, took many high positions, including the governor of Amman, the secretary of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, an ambassador to Jordan in Iran, Syria and the United States, Minister of the Hashemite Royal Court , prime minister and defence minister.
He wrote many books, including ‘Conspiracy and Destiny Battle" , ‘Hatred Society’, and ‘The Sons of Snakes’. He died in August 1979 in London in consequence of a heart attack.
Mohammed Batah Al-Muhaisin
Mohammed Al-Muhaisin was born in the city of Tafila in 1888. He finished off his elementary schooling at Al-Rushdiah School in Tafila and then travelled to Damascus to complete his secondary education at "Maktab Anbar," which was considered the most prestigious scientific institute in the Levant in the Ottoman era. Al-Muhaisin was one of the youth wing activists in the Arab National Movement and participated in leading a protest with colleagues at "Maktab Anbar" to call for increasing the number of Arabic lessons and Arab history subjects. As other youth activists, he was being pursued by the Turkish forces. When the Turkish tightened their grip on young Arabs, Al-Muhaisin was forced to leave Damascus to France and from there to the city of Detroit in the United States, where he joined its university to become the first Jordanian graduating from an American university. He remained an expatriate for nearly fifteen years, during which time he faced difficulties that forced him to return to Jordan in 1923. Two years after the Emirate of Transjordan was founded, Al-Muhaisin worked as an inspector for the Ministry of Education; and then Prince Abdullah I entrusted him as the president of the Princely Court. He was fluent in English, Turkish, and French. During the course of his life, he excelled in writing drama.
Bahjat Al-Muhaisen was born in Tafila in 1927. He grew up under the guidance of his father Mustafa Basha Al Muhaisen, a prominent tribal leader in Tafila. Despite his poverty, he enrolled his son at Tafila Elementary School; later, he sent him to pursue his secondary education at Al Salt School.
Bahjat had excelled in the General Secondary Education Certificate and studied surveying, before he joined Jordan military forces in 16/10/1947. His military no. was (521). He successfully completed his bachelor degree in military sciences. In 1966, Bahjat al-Muhaisen was the Colonel in command of the of Hettin Infantry Brigade stationed in the Hebron area. On 13 November 1966, an Israeli battalion commanded by Colonel Yoav Shaham broke through the Jordanian borders towards Samu village, allegedly to destroy a Fateh base that was active in the area. Colonel Bahjat al-Muhaisen was injured in the battle, and Colonel Yoav Shaham was killed in action.
Seven months later still in command of his brigade, Bahjat participated in the 1967 Six Day War and had to retreat to the East Bank of Jordan without fighting. His brigade was the last one to cross the River Jordan on Wednesday 7 June 1967 before destroying the bridges. Hebron was captured that day at 18:00. A little less than a year later, he saw action again in Battle of Karameh. That day ended decisively in favor of the Jordanian army.
Bahjat was transferred to the command of Al Hussain bin Ali Brigade as a Brigadier General in the South of Jordan; then he was appointed as Military Attache at the Embassy of HKJ. He was there for less than a year, when he was recalled back to Jordan. He was handed the command of the Second Division of the Jordanian Army based in the northern part of Jordan. The unfortunate events of what became known later as Black Septemberhad started and there was an urgent need to enforce order and peace. During this time, Bahjat Al Muhaisen had met with a number of developments which led him to submit his resignation in 1971. These developments included unclarity in the Military hierarchy within the Second Division epitomized by the inter-linking and the contradictory orders issued by GHQ which went straight to those under Al Muhaisen rather than through him. A number of political and military leaders were working towards escalating the situation with the Palestinian factions and creating a state of unrest . Al Muhaisen was left with no choice but to submit his resignation and move with his family to his hometown of Tafila. He died in Amman, Jordan on 10 April 2007.
Abdul Mahdi Al-Marafi
Abdul Mahdi Al-Marafi was born in Tafila in 1878; his father was a prominent tribal leader who enrolled him at Kuttab due to the lack of formal schooling. Then, he sent him to Syria where he completed his primary education. Al-Marafi soon would move to Al Rashideya School in Damascus. The tribal authority of his father as well as his academic distinction helped him get a scholarship in Istanbul, where he studied at an institute and got a diploma. He was the first diploma-degree holder in Tafila and a fluent speaker of French, Turkish as well as Arabic. During his life in Damascus and Istanbul, he built distinguished relations with the Arab rebels and met Prince Faisal with whom he prepared for the Great Arab Revolution in Southern Jordan. Al Marafi joined the forces led by Prince Zaid Bin Al Hussein in Tafila. Al Marafi was a member of the Jordanian delegation who participated in the First Syrian Conference in 1919.
Sheikh Ahmad Al-Dabbagh
Sheikh Al-Dabbagh is Ahmed Bin Masoud Al-Dabbagh Al-Hassani, who is a descendent of Al- Hassan Bin Ali Bin Abi-Talib, may Allah be pleased with him. Sheikh Ahmad Al-Dabbagh grew up in Medina, his hometown; his father had returned to it from Faas in order to reside in his native town, Medina, where there were many scientific gatherings and houses of education. After the death of his father, his father-in-law looked after him. At that time, he was educated by a number of Sheikhs of the city. After he had finished off this stage, he was able to join the house of teachers in Medina. After that, he learned the field of herbal medicine and worked as a conventional chemist for a period of time to make his living. However, he never ceased to be in contact with scholars, deepening his relations with them in Mecca, Medina and Al-Taaif where he used to go to their gatherings and discuss with them worldly and religious issues.
When the establishment of the Emirate of Transjordan was declared, shortly after the fall of the Arab government in Damascus, which had been established after the success of the Great Arab Revolt, Sheikh Al-Dabbagh moved to the capital of the newly established Emirate, Amman, and contacted Prince Abdullah Bin Al-Hussein. Since the Emir knew him very well, he was asked to work for Islamic judiciary, but Sheikh Al-Dabbagh apologized for not accepting the offer despite his good reputation as a judge in Aqaba. He realised that being a judge is a huge responsibility, in that he feared to make mistakes and preferred to work in the educational sector where he could contribute to the education of future generations. For these reasons, the Emir accepted his apology and appointed him as a schoolteacher in the village of Al-Taibah in Karak, but he did not stay there for a great while for a rivalry with one of the residents. Thus, he asked the Emir to transfer him to Tafila. He was transferred upon his request and became a landmark at Tafila School for Boys where he taught the subjects of the Arabic language and Islamic education; a number of senior notable men of Tafila, who played a key national role, were educated by Sheikh Al-Dabbagh.
- Poet Atallah Khalil Al-Edaynaat
Al-Edaynaat is widely considered one of the most prominent poets in the Tafila Governorate. He established the first private school in Tafila in 1936. He devoted his social and humanitarian perspectives, educational background and literary production for the causes of his city and nation. He was fond of poetry and literature; and he began composing poetry at an early age. He wrote more than 130 poems. He actively participated in various national and cultural activities. Several public and private institutions have honoured him dozens of times.